The Roma Community

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A high proportion of the European Roma population live in inadequate housing conditions (sub-standard housing or slums), which negatively affects their health situation. Thus on average and in spite of significant national variations, more than two persons live in one room in Roma households, while 45% of the Roma live in households that lack at least one of the following basic housing amenities, namely indoor kitchen, indoor toilet, indoor shower or bath and electricity.

Despite desegregation efforts in various EU member states (e.g. Spain, Hungary), segregation remains manifest in many countries, severely hindering Roma access to education, employment and healthcare. According to the FRA, 54% of Roma live in segregated (i.e. predominantly immigrant/minority) neighbourhoods, despite considerable disparities between the member states surveyed (72% in Bulgaria, 66% in Romania, 32% in the Czech Republic). Another recent survey estimated that EU-wide, 22% on average live in neighbourhoods or areas that are distant or separated from cities. Geographical isolation is particularly acute in Bulgaria (47%) and Greece (54%). Roma persons also experience high levels of discrimination on ethnic grounds in their access to housing (from 1% in Bulgaria, a low proportion likely to be conditioned by extensive geographical isolation, to 32% in Greece). However, the FRA has reported that forced evictions of Roma are prevalent in all EU-member states. In turn, Roma awareness of their rights against discriminatory practice remains limited: only 27% of Roma respondents were aware of anti-discrimination legislation in relation to ethnicity and race (from 13% in Greece to 36% in the Czech Republic).